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What to Do When the Federal Student Loan Debt Assistance Stops

A man sitting in front of his laptops reviews his student loan debt assistance options

The pandemic led to severe economic hardship for millions of Americans, including student loan borrowers.

Student loan debt in the United States, including private loan debt, totals $1.76 trillion. As of September 30, 2021, 43.4 million borrowers currently owe a collective $1.61 trillion in federal student loan debt. The current average federal student loan debt balance is $37,014. Fortunately, many borrowers have gotten some breathing room in the form of deferment on the payment of student loans.

However, the federal student loan assistance is set to expire on September 1, 2022. If you're still making student loan payments, it's important to understand how to prepare for these changes and what you can do to better manage your debt.

Understanding Student Loan Debt Assistance

Since March 2020, student loan borrowers have benefited from legislation that paused payments on federal student loans and dropped the interest rate on these loans to 0%. According to the U.S. Department of Education, borrowers have collectively saved $5 billion a month in interest due to these federal student loan assistance measures.

Student loan debt assistance has been extended several times over the last year, notably in March 2021 when Congress passed the American Rescue Plan. With the most recent extension by the U.S. Department of Education on December 22, 2021, student loan payments will be paused for some borrowers until September 1, 2022. After this period, payments will resume.

Though there are discussions in Congress about student loan debt forgiveness — with plans ranging from $10,000 to $50,000 in forgiveness per borrower — there's no guarantee of if or when Congress will pass this legislation. As student loan debt assistance is set to end soon, it's crucial to financially prepare for this change and understand your options as far as repayment.

Preparing for the End of Federal Student Loan Assistance

If you're concerned about making your payments again beginning in September 2022, reach out to your loan provider as soon as possible to discuss your options. It's also wise to ask what your minimum monthly payment and total loan balance will be once payments restart.

Start saving every little bit you can now in a separate account. Even a runway of a few months may help you make the minimum required payments on your loan.

If you're having trouble finding suitable work or don't have a steady income, you may be able to enroll in an income-driven repayment plan that better aligns with what you can afford to pay right now. If you have a federal student loan, you may be eligible for this option. While most private loans don't offer this option, borrowers can inquire about their ability to refinance as well as deferment and forbearance options.

As you navigate your job search, it may be a good idea to be strategic about the job opportunities you consider. For instance, some employers offer tuition remission programs that help you pay down your loans if you stay with the company for a certain amount of time. Additionally, several federal agencies offer employees up to $10,000 a year to help repay federal student loans. There's also the Public Service Loan Forgiveness Program, which forgives federal direct student loans for those who work full-time for a governmental entity or non-profit organization and make 120 qualifying student payments.

Alternative Options for Addressing Student Loan Debt

A loan deferment or forbearance are two other alternatives. A deferment, which can last up to three years, delays your student loan payments. You don't have to make payments during this time. A forbearance also temporarily suspends your student loan payments, but the interest still will accumulate. Generally, you can only receive forbearance for up to 12 months at a time and for a total of three years over the life of your loan.

If you want to defer your loans or get a forbearance, you'll have to make a request to your loan servicer, so it's best to call them as soon as possible to find out how to apply.

If you have a private loan, the rules may be different, but you might have the option to extend your repayment term — for example, by moving from a 20-year repayment term to a 30-year term. That way, you can spread out your payments, so they're more manageable every month.

If you have a federal student loan, you'll likely have more options. But it helps to make a plan now rather than wait until September 2022. Contact your loan provider now, get all the relevant information you need about your loan, and then review your finances to determine how you can structure your payments in a way that's manageable and affordable for you. If you think you could benefit from the individualized support of a financial professional, don't hesitate to reach out for guidance.

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Information provided is general and educational in nature, and all products or services discussed may not be provided by Western & Southern Financial Group or its member companies (“the Company”). The information is not intended to be, and should not be construed as, legal or tax advice. The Company does not provide legal or tax advice. Laws of a specific state or laws relevant to a particular situation may affect the applicability, accuracy, or completeness of this information. Federal and state laws and regulations are complex and are subject to change. The Company makes no warranties with regard to the information or results obtained by its use. The Company disclaims any liability arising out of your use of, or reliance on, the information. Consult an attorney or tax advisor regarding your specific legal or tax situation.